COLOR: Heartwood and sapwood are similar, with sapwood lighter in color; most pieces have a reddish tone. Slightly redder than white oak.
GRAIN: Open slightly coarser (more porous) than white oak . Plainsawn boards have a plumed or flared grain appearance; riftsawn has a tighter grain pattern, low figuring; quartersawn has a flake pattern, sometimes called tiger rays or butterflies.
WITHIN SPECIES AND GRADES: More than 200 subspecies in North
America; great variation in color and grain, depending on the origin of
the wood and corresponding differences in growing seasons, Northern, Southern
Appalachian red oak can all be divided into upland and lowland species.
Because they grow more slowly, upland species generally have a more uniform
grain pattern than lowland species, with more growth rings per inch.
Above average in all machining operations except shaping.
Hickory & Pecan
Sugar (Hard) Maple
Southern Yellow Pine