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Repairing Scratches and Removing Stains
Unlike most other floor coverings, wood is very forgiving. Most
problems can be prevented by keeping the floors vacuumed and waxed
(if you have a wax finished floor) and by wiping up spills immediately.
If the wood flooring is damaged, first determine whether the scratches
or stains are in the wood or in the top coat finish.
First Aid for Surface Finished Floors
If the scratches or stains are in the finish (superficial), the
finish is probably a surface finish.
Repair with a touchup kit made for urethane finishes which are available
from any wood flooring retailer.
Food, water or dark
spots (dog spots): Use a cleaner developed specifically for
urethane finishes to remove the spot or stain. More stubborn spots
may require additional scrubbing with the cleaner and a wood flooring
scrub pad made for urethane floors.
Rub the grease, lipstick, crayon or oil with a cleaner developed
Cigarette burns: Most
common burns can be treated with a touchup kit made for urethane
finishes (rub with sandpaper, stain and refinish). For burns that
reach deep into the wood, individual plank or parquet boards may
need to be replaced.
Chewing gum, crayon, wax:
Apply a plastic bag filled with ice on top of the deposit until
it is brittle enough to crumble off. Clean area with a product made
for urethane finishes.
Always use the wood flooring manufacturer's cleaning, repair and
finish products when known.
First Aid for Penetrating Stained and Waxed
If the scratches or stains are in the wood, the finish is probably
a penetrating stain and wax.
by waxing the area. Dried milk or food stains: Gently rub with damp
cloth. Rub dry and wax. When removing stains from any wood floor
always begin at the outer edge of the stain and work toward the
Water stains or white spots: Rub spot with #000 steel wool and
wax. If this fails, lightly sand with fine sandpaper and clean the
area using #00 steel wool and mineral spirits or a wood floor cleaner.
Allow the floor to dry. Stain, wax and hand buff.
marks: Rub in small amount of wax with fine steel wool and hand
buff to a shine. Mold: Rub with a wood cleaner.